Agriculture is the backbone of Indian economy. This sector accounts for around 13.9% of GDP. A survey suggested that the agricultural sector employs around 54.6% of the workforce. The Department of Agriculture and Cooperation is the nodal organization that works in boosting the agricultural productivity in the country.
Growth Strategies Implemented By the Government
In order to maintain the momentum of the agricultural development, the Indian government has laid out a few plans. The plans are set to meet the target of 4% growth that has been declared in the 12th Five Year Plan. Several ongoing schemes have been restructured. The popular ones are
* NFSM ( National Food Security Mission)
* NMOOP (National Mission of Oil Seed and Oil Palm)
* MIDH (Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture Mission)
* NMAET (National Mission on Agriculture Extension & Technology)
Main Features of Agricultural Policies
Privatization of Agriculture
Privatizing the agricultural sector can be useful. The farmers will get price protection during the post quantitative restrictions regime. This strategy will boost the agricultural productivity.
The private sector participation will be enhanced through contract farming. Land leasing agreements will allow the transfer of technology. Other objectives that will be fulfilled are right capital inflow and developing assured markets for crop production related to cotton, oilseeds and horticultural crops.
The restrictions on movement of agricultural commodities throughout the country will be lifted. The tax structures meant for food grains will be reviewed. However, new locations will be needed to boost the agricultural productivity. These locations will be economically viable for producing horticultural crops in rich quantities.
Revision of Excise Duty
Excise duty levies on fertilizers and farm machineries that are used during agricultural production and post harvest stages can be beneficial. This will help the farmers to increase productivity of agriculture.
Technology Playing Great Role in the Agricultural Sector
During the period 1950 and 1951, the contribution of agriculture to GDP was 51.9%. During the period 2012 and 2013, the figure stood at 13.7%. What is the reason behind the downfall? It is found that many farmers are not able to generate sufficient income from their produces for curbing the growing debt.
Now, some startups have come up with some innovative solutions. Eco-friendly crop protection methods have been formulated that yield high returns with minimal expenditure.
Nowadays, pheromone based pest control traps are available which have artificially synthesized smelling agents. The function of these smelling agents is to attract and trap pests. The agricultural produces can also be protected from pests by using recyclable sheets operating in wavelengths between 500nm and 600nm. These devices have proven their effectiveness by trapping high-risk pests from long distance.
Improvement in Soil Fertility
Some additives are available in the market that boosts the agricultural productivity with minimum usage of resources. These additives contain biochar, which is mixed with different organic nutrients. In addition, these products maintain topsoil strength, trap carbon emissions, preserve soil fertility and increase the crop production.
Agricultural plant growth promoters like Purna Bloom + from TheOrganic.Life is also highly demanded by gardeners. The product is made of natural ingredients and bears certification from CUC. The organic growth promoter provides essential hormones and micronutrients, which stimulate growth. This growth stimulator raises yields of flowers and fruits and makes plants disease resistant. The product is eco friendly.
Tools like air blast sprayers are in high demand. These tools have been developed for the growth of vegetables and fruits. Hormone solutions are fed into these tools and sprayed on crops to speed up the growth. This way the agricultural production consumes less time and allows reduction in expenses on manual labor.
Therefore, the right combination of government support and technological advantage can help in increasing the agricultural productivity.